The kind of the tape that will be chosen for specific application depends on the
Service temperature and moisture conditions
Specific service requirements
For example, foil tapes or aluminum foil tapes are used to seal seams and joints of the sheet metal ducts and their connections to the flexible duct. Foil tapes are also often used in the air conditioning to seal joints of flexible ducts to the air grills. So to speak, foil tapes in the air conditioning and ventilation industries are used as often as a thread in the garment industry whenever you need to join parts and seal the seam from leaks aluminum foil tape is used.
As for the insulation industry, in now days, it is a common practice to use fiberglass insulation along with the vapour and radiant barrier (so called facing). Since vapour/radiant barrier is, typically, aluminum foil reinforced with Kraft paper and fiberglass yarn scrim, another kind of tapes is designed to seal joints of radiant and vapour barriers. Usually, adhesive FSK tapes are applied on the similar insulation facing. Thus FSK tapes are used for FSK faced duct wrap, FSK faced duct boards, or FSK faced insulation in many types of residential and commercial buildings. Simply speaking, for the normal performance of insulation facing or radiant barrier every joint has to be sealed with the adhesive FSK tape.
There are many other kinds of tapes used for the air-conditioning, heating, ventilation industry as well as for the insulation. Various types of adhesives provide broad range of application conditions from a very cold (-35 degrees F) temperatures up to very hot temperatures (250 degrees F). There are also flame retardant adhesives, high stick adhesives etc. There are also many more types of reinforcement, which are designed for different surfaces, applications, insulation facings and radiant barriers.
For almost anything you do in insulation, air conditioning, or ventilation, the installer would need a roll or two of a good quality self adhesive tape, and a wide choice of these products is available.