Others judge you by your own appearance, by your speech
#Take safety precautions Wear gloves, safety glasses and a dust mask. (There may be some extreme situations that you may need a respirator.)There will be fine rust and paint dust as well as paint sprays everywhere; you don't want it in your eyes or lungs.
#Cover up any parts of the car that you don't want to get dusty. Use a tarp sealed with painter's tape to define your work area.
# Masking the car off is a very important step that can go wrong in a lot of ways. Do not use newspaper as shown in the pictures; paint spray can leak through it and leave specks on your clear windows. Use something less thin porous like real masking paper. Also, simply covering up a surface is not enough; paint spray can find its way underneath edges, so you must tape every single edge of your masking paper down, not just the ones needed to get it to stay in place.
# Do not actually place your masking job like the way that is shown in the pictures; you don't want the masking to stop in the middle of a panel or you will be left with sharp lines like those shown in another picture here. These lines do not go away with any amount of buffing or addition of clear coat layers; they will be permanent if you do it this incorrect way. The only option is prevention by masking the car correctly in the first place, by stopping at panel lines and going no farther inward (or better yet, stopping a few panels away so there isn't a drastic color difference between one panel in the next, but this requires learning how to gradually blend paint, which is done when spraying, not after the fact).
#Remove the paint around the rust with DA (dual action) sander. A DA sander gives you control over the speed of the sander while removing the paint. Start with 80 grit and work your way up to 150 grit. Use the DA sander with to take off the primer and paint, as well as any light rust that hasn't fused with the metal, and level the surface between the painted surface and the unpainted area. Feel with your fingers for a smooth surface.
# Switch to a metal grinding wheel for removing the thick rust and getting into any pits. When using the wheel, go slowly, because these can do a lot of damage. Once this is done apply rust removing acid to the area to remove the microscopic particles of rust that remain. Phosphoric acid is best and can be bought at most auto parts stores. If you want, use whole spot filler or body filler like Bondo to even out some of the dents, and fill the space where the paint is gone. Finish off by sanding by hand to get a nice smooth metal surface.
#Purchase primer that is ideal for painting on bare metal and an auto spray that matches the color of your car. Both of these supplies can be found at an auto supply store.
#Prepare the spot for priming. Follow the instructions for your primer. Typically, what you will need to do is:
#Wipe the area with mineral spirits or paint thinner.
#Tape newspaper on surrounding areas within three feet.
# Spray thin coats of primer evenly. Spray three coats of primer, waiting a few minutes between coats. Allow to dry overnight.
#Sand with 400 grit wet sandpaper. This abrasive is specifically made for sanding between paint coats to smooth the surface and degloss, so the paint bonds. Keep a bucket of water handy to rinse the sandpaper frequently, so it does not get fouled with paint. Wash painted area with light soap water mix.
# Spray a thin coat of paint so as not to let the paint run or sag. Use as many coats of paint over the primer as you need in order to achieve a nice color and finish. Let it set at least 24 hours before pulling off the tape.
#Buff the edges of the new paint so that it blends with the old paint. If necessary, apply a clear coat to match of the finish on the rest of the car.
# Allow the paint to cure for 48 hours. Wash and polish the car. Never wax fresh paint within 30 days of painting!